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Hearing loss: common problem for older adults

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss can frequently be caused by noise, ageing, diseases, and genetic factors. Hearing loss sufferers may be unable to converse with their family and friends. They might also have difficulty following a doctor’s instructions, responding to warnings, and hearing alarms and doorbells. The speech and hearing clinic in bangalore can help you to come up with this problem.

About one-third of people aged between 65 to 74 have hearing loss more than 50% of those over 75 have difficulty hearing. Some people might not be willing to admit that they hear loss.

People who are older and cannot hear well could develop depression or be withdrawn from friends due to feeling annoyed or embarrassed by not being able to comprehend what’s being discussed. Sometimes, older adults are viewed as disoriented, insensitive or indifferent because they can’t hear.

Hearing issues that are not addressed or neglected can get worse. If you are suffering from an issue with your hearing, consult your physician. Hearing aid centre in Bangalore, training, certain medications and surgeries are a few treatments that could assist.

Signs of hearing loss

A few people suffer from hearing problems but don’t recognize what they suffer from. Consult your physician if:

  • Are you having trouble hearing on the phone?
  • Listening to conversations when more than two people are speaking is difficult.
  • Sometimes, people request people to repeat what they have said.
  • You must turn up the volume of your TV to the point that other people can complain.
  • Do you have trouble hearing because of background noise?
  • It is interesting to see how others murmur.
  • Aren’t sure how women and children talk to you

Different types of hearing loss

Hearing loss can take wide varieties. It could range from a moderate loss in which the person cannot hear certain high-pitched sounds like the voices of children and women to total deafness.

There are two main types of hearing loss:

  • Hearing loss due to sensorineural can occur when the inner ear is damaged or the auditory nerve. This kind of hearing loss is typically permanent.
  • Hearing loss due to conductivity occurs when sound waves do not penetrate the ear’s inner. It could be caused by the buildup of earwax, fluid or a punctured or damaged eardrum. Surgery or medical treatment will usually be able to restore hearing loss.

Sudden Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss, sudden or sudden deafness, is an abrupt loss of hearing. It could occur to anyone at once or for as long as three days. It’s a medical emergency. If you or anyone else you know suffers sudden loss of hearing, seek a physician immediately.

Hearing loss due to age (Presbycusis)

Presbycusis, also known as hearing loss due to age, develops gradually as one age. It is believed to run in families and can result from changes to the auditory nerve. Presbycusis can make it difficult for people to bear high-frequency sounds or the words of others.

Hearing loss due to age usually happens in both ears and affects both ears equally. The loss occurs gradually, which means that someone suffering from presbycusis may not even realize that they have lost some or all of their hearing ability.

The Ears Ring (Tinnitus)

Tinnitus is also common among older adults. It is usually described as a sound that rings in the ear. However, it could also be heard as clicking, roaring or hissing. It could be intermittent or continuous. It can be experienced in one or both ears. It could be soft or loud. Tinnitus may be the initial indication of hearing loss in older people. Tinnitus may signify any hearing loss and could indicate health issues like hypertension and allergies. It can also occur as a result of medication.

Tinnitus is a symptom, not a condition. It’s as easy as a part of the earwax that blocks the ear canal may cause tinnitus. However, it can also be a result of various medical conditions.

The causes of hearing loss

Loud sound is among the main reasons for hearing loss. The sound of the lawnmowers, snow-blowers or loud music may damage the ear’s inner lining, resulting in permanent hearing loss. The loud sound can also cause hearing loss due to tinnitus. You can avoid most hearing loss caused by noise. You can protect yourself by reducing the volume on your TV, stereo or headphones, removing yourself from loud noises and using earplugs or any other form of ear protection.

Fluid or earwax buildup can stop sounds from transmitting through the eardrum and inside the ear. If there is a blockage in the wax that is causing the issue, talk with your doctor. The doctor may recommend gentle methods to soften the earwax.

A punctured eardrum could cause hearing loss. The eardrum could be damaged due to pressure, infection, or even putting objects into the ear, like cotton-tipped swabs. Consult your physician if you are experiencing pain or discharge of fluid from your ear.

Common health conditions in older people, like diabetes and hypertension, may cause hearing loss. The presence of bacteria and viruses (including Otitis media, a bacterial infection in the ears known as otitis media) and heart disease, stroke or brain injury or tumours can be a factor in hearing loss.

Hearing loss can also occur from certain medications. “Ototoxic” drugs can damage the ear’s inner ear and can be permanent. Ototoxic drugs are for treating severe diseases, cancer, and heart disease. Certain antibiotics can be toxic. Even aspirin in certain dosages may cause problems. Consult your physician when you have a concern when taking a medication.

Hearing loss can be caused by genetics, in addition. However, not all forms of hearing loss occur in the first few years of life. Certain forms may manifest later in the course of. For instance, when you suffer from the case of otosclerosis, which is believed to be a genetic disease, the abnormal growth of bone blocks structures inside the ear from functioning effectively.

How to deal with Hearing Loss

Suppose you are noticing the signs of hearing loss. Consult your physician. If you have difficulty hearing, it is recommended that you:

  • Inform people that you have hearing issues.
  • Request people to look you in the face and speak slowly and clearly. Also, request people to speak louder and not shout.
  • Be attentive to what is being said and the facial expressions or gestures.
  • Inform the person speaking whether you don’t understand what they said.
  • Request the person you are speaking with to change the wording of a sentence and then try it again.
  • Find a comfortable place to listen. Find a place to sit close to the speakers and the noise source. Look for places that are quieter to speak.

The most important thing to do if you suspect that you may have a hearing issue is to seek advice from a professional. Your doctor at home might be able to identify and treat the issue. Your doctor could also recommend you to other experts for help, such as an Otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat doctor) or an audiologist (a health professional who can recognize and quantify the loss of hearing).

Types of equipment to help with hearing Loss

Your physician or specialist could recommend that you buy a hearing aid. These are electrical batteries-powered devices that produce much louder sounds. There are various kinds of hearing aids. Before purchasing an aid for hearing, check what health insurance you have to pay for the expense. Also, inquire if you can have a trial time to ensure the product is appropriate. An Audiologist or an expert in hearing aids can show you how to utilize an aid for hearing.

Aided listening equipment, mobile apps alerting devices, and cochlear implants could help some who suffer from hearing loss. Implants are electronic devices that can help people with severe hearing loss. They aren’t suitable for all kinds of loss of hearing. Alert systems use smoke detectors, doorbells, alarm clocks and smoke detectors to send the user visual signals or even vibrations. For instance, flashing lights can alert you that you’re in the presence of someone or that the phone is calling. A few people rely on the vibration settings on their phones to notify them of calls.

OTC (OTC) hearing aids comprise the newest category of hearing aids that are regulated that people with moderate to mild hearing loss can purchase without a prescription. OTC hearing aids can increase the volume of certain sounds to aid people suffering from hearing loss, communicate, and participate more fully in their daily activities. OTC hearing aids will likely be available in retail stores and online over the next few years.

Talk to your doctor to determine what is best for you. Find out the basics about hearing loss at the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

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