Air Pollution: Method to Reduce Harm to Your Health

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    effects of air pollution
    effects of air pollution

    Outdoor air pollution includes the burning of fossil fuels (coal, gas, oil) and wildfires. These generate noxious gases, smog (created by ground-level ozone), and soot (fine particles) that are harmful to breathe. Among the contributors to indoor air pollution are fireplaces and home cookstoves that use gas, coal, or biomass fuels such as wood or crop waste that are sometimes used in low-income countries.

    With each breath we take, the air is delivering oxygen to our cells. But when there is too much pollution in the air, it can endanger or impair human health. Air pollution can also have negative effects of air pollution on ecosystems and agricultural crops (as well as farm animals), and exacerbated by climate change harm biodiversity.

    Pollution is anything humans introduce into the environment that harms human health or the environment. While there are a variety of kinds of pollution, here we focus on air pollution, which includes noxious gases, smog, and fine particles. The burning of fossil fuels for energy generation, as well as wildfires, contribute to outdoor air pollution. Some sources of indoor air pollution include fireplaces and home cookstoves, particularly in low-income countries.

    Pollution is the introduction of dangerous substances into the environment by humans. Air pollution, both indoors and outdoors, can result in a host of serious problems including asthma and other respiratory diseases like bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, and even lung cancer. Pollution can also cause heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. In fact, air pollution is the fourth most serious threat to our health according to the World Health Organization.

    A study published this year looked at global models of pollution levels and risk assessments of the world population over 14 years. It ties fossil fuel combustion alone to nearly nine million premature deaths worldwide in 2018 — that’s one in five deaths — including more than 350,000 in the US. Most of these deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes.

    Multiple studies over decades show that increased outdoor air levels of fine particulate matter increase hospitalizations for heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and other serious health problems. Both long-term exposure and short-term exposure seem to matter.

    Air pollution kills. It causes heart attacks, strokes, diabetes and a host of other serious illnesses. These health problems occur because air pollution harms each of the body’s major organs: the heart, lung and brain.

    Increased air pollution rapidly triggers cardiovascular problems, then lung and even brain dysfunction. These effects start occurring within the first few hours of exposure, with impacts lasting up to several days. Effects vary based on the amount of pollution and age and general health status of the person exposed, with higher acute health risk for children, elderly people and those with chronic illness best to use in home air purifier for home

    More than 90% of the world’s population breathes polluted air, according to a recent report from the World Health Organization. And it’s important to note that an estimated 4.2 million deaths in 2016 were attributed to air pollution, a number that’s only expected to rise. What’s more, a study published last year suggests that for every total suspended particle of particulate matter found in the air—which might be what you think of as “smog” or visible soot—the life expectancies of those nearby would drop by roughly 2.6 months. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to protect yourself. 

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